汽车电子产品各国家EMC测试标准清单汇总

 

各国家汽车/车载电子/整车电磁兼容 (EMC) 测试标准汇总

汽车及车载电子产品EMC测试

 

汽车EMC标准分为零部件和整车部分,然后又分为基础标准和厂家标准,如果是为国内外某个汽车厂家做的产品,还需要询问厂家是否有厂家标准,不同的车辆品牌有不同的EMC标准和测试方法和测试限值要求,具体还是要参考标准来看,一般一个汽车电子EMC测试标准都会写出以下内容:

1、汽车电子EMC有哪些测试项目?

    汽车电子EMC测试有四个项目:RE,CE,RS,CS,每个项目项目下面有很多小项目。

2、汽车电子EMC用到了什么设备?

    每个测试项目的设备均不相同,详情联系Euttest

3、汽车电子EMC的CE和RE测试限值、CS和RS需要的能量值?

    每个测试项目的限值不同,详情查看具体标准。

4、汽车电子零部件测EMC时需要确保的工作状态和抗扰度失效判定方法?

    这条是为了保证汽车电子产品可进行重复性测试的关键因素。

 

当你能从一个标准中看出以上四点,就说明已经理解了汽车电子测试项目的内容了。本文只介绍所有的汽车电子EMC测试标准清单,可以直接点击标准号去各官方委员会购买正版标准研读学习。具体各标准的测试项目在后面会不断更新,欢迎转发并关注。

汽车电子、车载电子、及整车电磁兼容测试标准根据测试内容和车厂要求按以下几个方面划分:

 

1、CISPR 国际无线电干扰特别委员会(汽车电子发射EMC测试标准-基础标准)

国际标准

中国国家标准

 

CISPR 12

GB 14023

Vehicles, boats, and internal combustion engine driven devices - Radio disturbance characteristics - Limits and methods of measurement for the protection of receivers except those installed in the vehicle/boat/device itself or in adjacent vehicles/boats/devices

CISPR 25

GB 18655

Radio disturbance characteristics for the protection of receivers used on board vehicles, boats, and on devices - Limits and methods of measurement

 

 

2、ISO 国际标准化组织(汽车电子抗扰度EMC测试标准-基础标准)

国际标准化组织(International Organization for Standardization,ISO)简称ISO,ISO国际标准化组织(成立于1946年,制定世界通用的科学、工业以及商业计量标准)

 

ISO7637-1-2-3对应中国国家标准GBT21437-1-2-3的测试设备:

ISO 7637-1

Road vehicles -- Electrical disturbances from conduction and coupling -- Part 1: Definitions and general considerations

ISO 7637-2

Road vehicles -- Electrical disturbances from conduction and coupling -- Part 2: Electrical transient conduction along supply lines only

ISO 7637-3

Road vehicles -- Electrical disturbance by conduction and coupling -- Part 3: Vehicles with nominal 12 V or 24 V supply voltage -- Electrical transient transmission by capacitive and inductive coupling via lines other than supply lines

 

ISO/TR 10305-1

Road vehicles -- Calibration of electromagnetic field strength measuring devices -- Part 1: Devices for measurement of electromagnetic fields at frequencies > 0 Hz电磁场场强检测设备

ISO/TR 10305-2

Road vehicles -- Calibration of electromagnetic field strength measuring devices -- Part 2: IEEE standard for calibration of electromagnetic field sensors and probes, excluding antennas, from 9 kHz to 40 GHz 

 

ISO 10605

ISO10605对应中国国家标准GBT19951的测试设备

Road vehicles -- Test methods for electrical disturbances from electrostatic discharge

 

ISO/TS 14907-1

Road transport and traffic telematics -- Electronic fee collection -- Test procedures for user and fixed equipment -- Part 1: Description of test procedures

ISO/TS 14907-2

Road transport and traffic telematics -- Electronic fee collection -- Test procedures for user and fixed equipment -- Part 2: Conformance test for the onboard unit application interface

 

ISO/TS 21609

Road vehicles -- (EMC) guidelines for installation of aftermarket radio frequency transmitting equipment

 

ISO11451是汽车整车级抗扰度EMC标准要求.

ISO11452车载电子和汽车电子产品EMC抗扰度测试要求。对应中国国家标准GBT33014

国内大部分车厂都是按照ISO11451ISO11452标准来制定厂内标准的,所以以下测试项目非常重要,部分测试项目可以通过简单的系统即可完成,详细可联系深圳市易优特测试技术有限公司咨询更多信息。

ISO 11451-1

Road vehicles -- Vehicle test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy -- Part 1: General principles and terminology

ISO 11451-2

Road vehicles -- Vehicle test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy -- Part 2: Off-vehicle radiation sources

ISO 11451-3

Road vehicles -- Electrical disturbances by narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy -- Vehicle test methods -- Part 3: On-board transmitter simulation

ISO 11451-4

Road vehicles -- Vehicle test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy -- Part 4: Bulk current injection (BCI)

 

ISO 11452-1

Road vehicles -- Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy -- Part 1: General principles and terminology

ISO 11452-2

Road vehicles -- Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy -- Part 2: Absorber-lined shielded enclosure

ISO 11452-3

Road vehicles -- Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy -- Part 3: Transverse electromagnetic mode (TEM) cell

ISO 11452-4

Road vehicles -- Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy -- Part 4: Bulk current injection (BCI)

ISO 11452-5

Road vehicles -- Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy -- Part 5: Stripline

ISO 11452-7

Road vehicles -- Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy -- Part 7: Direct radio frequency (RF) power injection

ISO 11452-8

Road vehicles -- Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy -- Part 8: Immunity to magnetic fields

ISO 11452-10

Road vehicles -- Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy -- Part 10: Immunity to conducted disturbances in the extended audio frequency range

ISO 11452-11

Road vehicles -- Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy -- Part 11: Reverberation chamber

 

ISO 13766-1

Earth-moving and building construction machinery -- Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) of machines with internal electrical power supply -- Part 1: General EMC requirements under typical electromagnetic environmental conditions

ISO 13766-2

Earth-moving and building construction machinery -- Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) of machines with internal electrical power supply -- Part 2: Additional EMC requirements for functional safety

 

3、SAE (汽车电子辐射和抗扰度测试标准-基础标准)

SAE|SAE INTERNATIONAL|国际自动机工程师学会|美国汽车工程师学会

SAE International国际自动机工程师学会 (原译:美国汽车工程师学会 )是一个技术性学会,它在全球范围内拥有超过 145,000 名会员,会员均是航空航天、汽车和商用车辆行业的工程师和相关技术专家。SAE International的核心竞争力是终身学习和自愿开发一致性标准。SAE International的慈善机构是 SAE 基金会,该基金会支持着多项计划,包括“运动中的世界”和“学院设计系列赛”。自动机是指:通过自身动力运动的任何形式的交通工具,包括航空航天器、汽车、商用车、船舶等。

Document Number

Title

J1113/1

Electromagnetic Compatibility Measurement Procedures and Limits for Components of Vehicles, Boats (Up to 15 M), and Machines (Except Aircraft) (50 Hz to 18 Ghz)

J1113/4

Immunity to Radiated Electromagnetic Fields-Bulk Current Injection (BCI) Method

J1113/11

Immunity to Conducted Transients on Power Leads

J1113/12

Electrical Interference by Conduction and Coupling - Capacitive and Inductive Coupling via Lines Other than Supply Lines

J1113/13

Electromagnetic Compatibility Measurement Procedure for Vehicle Components - Part 13: Immunity to Electrostatic Discharge

J1113/26

Electromagnetic Compatibility Measurement Procedure for Vehicle Components - Immunity to AC Power Line Electric Fields

J1113/27

Electromagnetic Compatibility Measurements Procedure for Vehicle Components - Part 27: Immunity to Radiated Electromagnetic Fields - Mode Stir Reverberation Method

 

J1752/1

Electromagnetic Compatibility Measurement Procedures for Integrated Circuits-Integrated Circuit EMC Measurement Procedures-General and Definition

J1752/2

Measurement of Radiated Emissions from Integrated Circuits -- Surface Scan Method (Loop Probe Method) 10 MHz to 3 GHz

J1752/3

Measurement of Radiated Emissions from Integrated Circuits -- TEM/Wideband TEM (GTEM) Cell Method; TEM Cell (150 kHz to 1 GHz), Wideband TEM Cell (150 kHz to 8 GHz)

 

J551/15

Vehicle Electromagnetic Immunity--Electrostatic Discharge (ESD)

J551/16

Electromagnetic Immunity - Off-Vehicle Source (Reverberation Chamber Method) - Part 16 - Immunity to Radiated Electromagnetic Fields

J551/17

Vehicle Electromagnetic Immunity -- Power Line Magnetic Fields

 

J1812

Function Performance Status Classification for EMC Immunity Testing

J2628

Characterization--Conducted Immunity

J2556

Radiated Emissions (RE) Narrowband Data Analysis--Power Spectral Density (PSD)

4、GM(美国通用汽车-厂家标准)

 

GMW3091

General Specification for Vehicles, Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) 
Supersedes GMI 12559 R and GMI 12559 V

GMW3097

General Specification for Electrical/Electronic Components and Subsystems, Electromagnetic Compatibility 
Supersedes GMW12559, GMW3100, GMW12002R AND GMW12002V

GMW3103

General Specification for Electrical/Electronic Components and Subsystems, Electromagnetic Compatibility Global EMC Component/Subsystem Validation Acceptance Process 
Replaces GMW12003, GMW12004 and GMW3106

5、Ford(美国福特-厂家标准)

福特(Ford)是世界著名的汽车品牌,为美国福特汽车公司(Ford Motor Company)旗下的众多品牌之一

Document Number

Title

FMC1278

Electromagnetic Compatibility Specification For Electrical/Electronic Components and Subsystems 
(Replaces EMC-CS-2009.1)

FMC1279

EMC Processes (Replaces EMC-P-2009)

6、Chrysler(美国-克莱斯勒-厂家标准)

克莱斯勒汽车公司(Chrysler Corporation),美国第三大汽车制造企业。公司总部设在密歇根州海兰德帕克。克莱斯勒公司以经营汽车业务为主,主要生产道奇、顺风、克莱斯勒和Jeep等品牌的汽车。它在美国的汽车装配工厂有8家,汽车制造厂及汽车零部件厂有36家。除此之外还经营游艇、钢铁、艇外推进器等业务。拥有22个零部件仓库。

DC-10615

Electrical System Performance Requirements for Electrical and Electronic Components

DC-11224

EMC Performance Requirements -- Components

DC-11225

EMC Supplemental Information and Alternative Component Requirements

DC-11223

EMC Performance Requirements -- Vehicle

7、其他汽车生产厂家及EMC标准汇总

Audi TL 82466

Electrostatic Discharge

 

BMW 600 13.0

Electric- / Electronic components in cars

 

BMW GS 95002

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Requirements and Tests

 

BMW GS 95003-2

Electric- / Electronic assemblies in motor vehicles

 

Chrysler PF 9326

Electrical electronic modules and motors

 

FIAT 9.90110

Electric and electronic devices for motor vehicles

 

Freightliner 49-00085

EMC requirements

 

Honda 3838Z-S5AA-L000

Noise Simulation Test

 

Honda 3982Z-SDA-0030

 

Hyundai ES 39110-00

EMC requirements

 

Hyundai ES 96100-01

 

IVECO 16-2103

EMC requirements

 

Kia/Hyundai ES-95400-10

 

Lotus 17.39.01

Lotus Engineering Standard: Electromagnetic Compatibility

 

Mack Trucks 606GS15

EMC requirements

MAN 3285

EMC requirements

Mazda MES PW 67600

Automobile parts standard (electronic devices)

Mercedes A 211 000 42 99

Instruction specification of test method for E/E-components

Mercedes AV EMV

Electric aggregate and electronics in cars

Mercedes MBN 10284-2

EMC requirements and tests of E/E-systems (component test procedures)

Mercedes MBN 22100-2

Electric / electronic elements, devices in trucks

Mitsubishi ES-X82010

General specification of environment tests on automotive electronic equipment

Nissan 28400 NDS03

Low frequency surge resistance of electronic parts

Nissan 28400 NDS07

Immunity against low frequency surge (induction surge) of electronic parts

Nissan 28401 NDS02

EMC requirements (instruction concerning vehicle and electrical ...)

Porsche AV EMC EN

EMC requirements

PSA B21 7090

EMC requirements (electric and electronics equipment)

PSA B21 7110

EMC requirements (electric and electronics equipment)

Renault 36.00.400

Physical environment of electrical and electronic equipments

Renault 36.00.808

EMC requirements (cars and electrical / electronic components)

Scania TB1400

EMC requirements

Scania TB1700

Smart DE10005B

EMC requirements (electric aggregate and electronics in cars)

Toyota TSC7001G

Engineering standard (electric noise of electronic devices)

Toyota TSC7001G-5.1

Power Supply Voltage Characteristic Test

Toyota TSC7001G-5.2

Field Decay Test

Toyota TSC7001G-5.3

Floating Ground Test

Toyota TSC7001G-5.4

Induction Noise Resistance

Toyota TSC7001G-5.5.3

Load Dump Test-1

Toyota TSC7001G-5.5.4

Load Dump Test-2

Toyota TSC7001G-5.5.5

Load Dump Test-3

Toyota TSC7001G-5.6

Over Voltage Test

Toyota TSC7001G-5.7.3

Ignition Pulse (Battery Waveforms) Test-1

Toyota TSC7001G-5.7.4

Ignition Pulse (Battery Waveforms) Test-2

Toyota TSC7001G-5.8

Reverse Voltage

Toyota TSC7006G-4.4.2

Wide Band-Width Antenna Nearby Test (0.4 to 2 GHz)

Toyota TSC7006G-4.4.3

Radio Equipment Antenna nearby Test (28 MHz ...)

Toyota TSC7006G-4.4.4

Mobile Phone Antenna Nearby Test (835 MHz ...)

Toyota TSC7018G

Static Electricity Test

Toyota TSC7025G-5

TEM Cell Test (1 to 400 MHz)

Toyota TSC7025G-6

Free Field Immunity Test (20 MHz to 1 GHz AM, 0.8 to 2 GHz PM)

Toyota TSC7025G-7

Strip Line Test (20 - 400 MHz)

Toyota TSC7026G-3.4

Narrow Band Emissions

Toyota TSC7203G

Voltage Drop / Micro Drops

Toyota TSC7508G-3.3.1

Conductive Noise in FM and TV Bands

Toyota TSC7508G-3.3.2

Conductive noise in LW, AM and SW Bands

Toyota TSC7508G-3.3.3

Radiated Noise in FM and TV Bands

Toyota TSC7508G-3.3.4

Radiated Noise in AM, SW, and LW Bands

Toyota TSC7203G

Engineering standard (ABS-TRC computers)

Toyota TXC7315G

Electrostatic Discharge (Gap Method)

Visteon ES-XU3F-1316-AA

Volvo EMC Requirements

EMC requirements for 12V and 24V systems

Volkswagen VW TL 801 01

Electric and electronic components in cars

Volkswagen VW TL 820 66

Conducted Interference

Volkswagen VW TL 821 66

EMC requirements of electronic components - bulk current injection (BCI)

Volkswagen VW TL 823 66

Coupled Interference on Sensor Cables

Volkswagen VW TL 824 66

Immunity Against Electrostatic Discharge

Volkswagen VW TL 965

Short-Distance Interference Suppression

 

深圳市易优特测试技术有限公司是专业从事EMC电磁兼容测试设备和测试实验室建造的销售服务商,提供全套CISPR/ISO/SAE/GM/FORD/Chrysler等标准的测试设备,为满足测试标准的要求,我们可以为客户采购全球最具影响力的设备品牌进行系统搭建并进行安装培训售后的交钥匙工程,让客户在自己的实验室就能按各EMC标准的要求进行预认证及认证测试,在研发及生产阶段解决产品中存在的EMC问题,如果您对以下标准测试内容感兴趣或想搭建汽车电子及整车EMC测试系统,或者对单一的静电、传到抗扰度等感兴趣,都可以通过联系我们获得更多详细。

 

 

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本文介绍的标准清单,根据清单可以看出汽车EMC标准分为零部件和整车部分,然后又分为基础标准和厂家标准,需要点击链接购买标准后研读并学习才可以获得更多知识。

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2019年9月19日 16:51
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